What is Gnosis, and what prevents humanity from achieving higher states of consciousness? In a 2 hour lecture, Neil Hague offers a personal insight, knowledge of the Gnostic Cathar, as well as the deeper symbolism connected to dualism and Orion Symbolism. The lecture looks at the origins of symbolism, consciousness and the plight of humanity as a whole.
Neil talks about the Archetypes and symbols of the Gnostics.
In Part One he shares his views on subjects such as – megalithic mysteries, the origins of the Gnostics, the Cathars, giants, gods, goddesses and the symbolism of Orion.
In Part Two Neil goes much deeper into the interstellar subjects connected to Orion, it’s symbolism, the Kaballa, Adam Kadmon, American Indian myths connected to Orion and how humanity needs to become a bridge between the earth and the stars.
Holy Week is upon us across much of the Western Hemisphere. A time when children are often taught to connect Easter’s Pagan origins with the Judeo-Christian belief in a savior god. A connection that uncomfortably tries to equate ‘a giant rabbit or ‘hare’ with a crucified Sun God. It’s a mad, ‘mad world’, especially when ‘State and religion’ would have children focusing on the ‘ritual killing’ of Jesus (the crucifixion), in one hand, and celebrating the return of a ‘giant bunny’ delivering chocolate eggs with the other. Giant bunnies, chocolate eggs, alongside the crucifixion story of course, is not found in the ‘holy book’ but nonetheless the modern world celebrates ‘Easter time’ with the same vigor as it does every other festival on the calendar.
All religion generally speaking, in my view, is ‘madder than a March hare’. No wonder that the ‘official stories and their associated festivals such as Easter, don’t make sense when you combine narratives and take stories ‘literally’. Mind you my local church is getting into the ‘pagan spirit’ by equating ‘hot cross buns’ with ‘six packs’ this Easter (see below). So, that’ll be a ‘half dozen’ Easter bunny eggs and ‘full dozen’ would give you ‘twelve disciples’ circling around a big ‘hot cross Sun bun’… Bless em. None of it makes much sense unless we venture deeper into the Pagan symbolism that ‘connects’ the cycles of the Sun and the Moon’ from our ‘earthly perspective’. In this blog I am going to weave together the main themes associated with Easter and as usual delve a little deeper into the symbolism. Grab yourself a ‘Babylonian bun’ and a nice cup of tea, it’s going to be a long blog.
The Sun Cross
Christians refer to the week before Easter as ‘Holy Week’ as it contains the days of the Easter ‘Triduum’, including ‘Maundy Thursday’ and ‘Last Supper’, as well as ‘Good Friday’ (not so good for some). Without going into great detail regarding ‘sun gods’, (as I want to focus on the ‘moon, hare and egg symbolism’), Jesus comes from a ‘long line’ of pre-Christian ‘Sun gods’ that were killed and rose again to redeem the sins of the world; See ancient Babylon, Tammuz, Bal and the Norse god Balder to name but a few. If one does the research, there is well over a dozen versions of the ‘Sun of god’ found all over the ancient world pre dating Christ. The sun-cross circle below is what connects the Sun and Moon to the main festivals marked by the Equinoxes and Solstices on what was and still is the Pagan calendar.
When one looks more closely at the religious symbolism associated with celebrations and festival such as Easter it becomes obvious to see the correlations of time being ‘marked’ through the various ‘stages’ of the Sun and the Moon in relation to how we ‘see’ life and our ‘time’ here on Earth. The three main symbols for the Sun, Moon and Earth (sometimes Venus) have all been worshipped for thousands of years at points on the calendar (see below). The eight pointed star of Ishtar is often found alongside the crescent (Sin) and the rayed solar disk (Shamash) in Babylonian iconography on boundary stones, cylinder seals. In the Christian version of Easter some ‘Boundary stones’ are still ‘marked’ or ‘hit’ with a broom or stick to this day in some English churches. It all makes sense when we ‘see’ that Easter came out the pre-Christian world.
Lunar-‘tick-tock’ Calendars (Moon & ‘Sun-Saturn’ Symbolism)
Easter and the holidays that are related to the Moon calendar are called ‘moveable feasts’ which do not fall on a ‘fixed’ date in the Roman Catholic inspired Gregorian or Julian calendars. These calendars instead follow the cycle of the sun with ‘irregular’ Moon days. Easter ‘time’ is determined through what is called a ‘lunisolar calendar’, which is similar to the Hebrew calendar. In 325 AD it was the Council of Nicaea that decided Easter would fall on the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon or soonest after the Spring Equinox on the 21st March. Those ‘Pagan founding fathers’ of the Christian church knew how to ‘use the Moon’. Saturn (the ‘Dark Sun’) underpins the vibrational (invisible) structure given to us by the Moon and therefore the calenders are no more than a ‘Saturn-Sun & Moon vibrational illusion’. Or as authors like David Icke call the Saturn-Moon Matrix.
The Moon is the ‘marker of time’ (Saturn’s creation) and therefore gives us the illusion of time. The ‘white rabbit’ and his ‘pocket watch’ in Alice in Wonderland, for example, are all ‘symbols’ for the Moon, Saturn and the Goddess (Alice) in ‘wonderland’ – the illusion. Alice (the Goddess archetype) is ‘trapped’ by time in the Saturn-Moon matrix. In ancient Chinese and the Japanese calendars the hours were counted through animal names, and for these cultures the ‘artificial day’ began at six o’clock in the morning when the ‘Sun rises’ in the middle of what they called the ‘hour of the Hare’. It was the hour of the crossing between night and day. More on the hare and Rabbit soon.
Easter is also linked to the Jewish Passover (Pesah or Pesakh in Assyrian) through much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the lunisolar calendar. Jewish people celebrate Passover as a commemoration of their liberation by God from slavery in Egypt thanks to Moses (Exodus). The Nehustan (the brazen serpent on the cross attributed to Moses) gives us more insight into the ‘Passover-Easter’ (Saturn-Sun) connection. The serpent symbolism refers to ‘chaos calmed’ and given a ‘new order’. Out of chaos comes Order and a New Age, a liberation by the said Moses or Jesus saviour figure. The ‘light of the world’ is renewed at Easter (spring time) and the saviour gods found in much ancient myth are symbols for this renewal on one level.
Interestingly Passover (Easter) arrives through first month called Nisan (or Nissan) on the Hebrew/Assyrian calendar, which is (April) in the ecclesiastical year. Nissan of course is the name of a car corporation and its symbolism clearly is another variation of the lord of time – Saturn. The crescent moon and the star (Venus) are also interchangeable with the old Sun (Saturn) and of course we have the Sabbath on Saturn’s Day (Saturday). The Passover is also one of the ‘three pilgrimage’ festivals during which the population of the kingdom of Judah would have made a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem. Today Samaritans still make this pilgrimage to Mount Gerizim, and along with Moriah and Zion they give us the ‘three’ scared mountains in Jerusalem. The number three will become relevant shortly.
The Goddess Ostara (Easter)
In ancient Indo-European myths ‘Ostre’ or ‘Ostara’ was associated with the ‘light of spring’ and the Goddess who brings the ‘new light’. She made the clocks go ‘forward’ so to speak. The Goddess Ostara is also linked to the festival of Easter, hares and ‘sacred eggs’. She is another version of ‘mother nature’ and the ‘awakening of the feminine’ principle behind the Sun’s light. In other forms she is known as Ishtar (star), Freyja and Anunitu, who on the Spring Equinox, was said to mate with the ‘solar god’ (the Sun) and conceive a child that would be born nine months (moons) later on the Winter Solstice. We all know who the child is supposed to be? The same poor child of the ‘Sun and the Moon’ gets nailed to Moses’s ‘Saturn cross’ every Easter.
The Mesopotamian (Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian) goddess Ishtar was another version of the ‘goddess of light’, among other things. She was also the ‘goddess of fertility’, love, war, sex and power. Ishtar, like Ostara, was said to have ‘two sides’, or ‘two natures’, both ‘creative and destructive’. Ishtar is also Aja (the eastern mountain dawn goddess) and Anatu (possibly Ishtar’s mother). She is also Anunitu (the Akkadian goddess of light), Agasayam (war goddess), Irnini (goddess of cedar forests in the Lebanese mountains), Kilili (symbol of the desirable woman), Sahirtu (messenger of lovers), Kir-gu-lu (bringer of rain) and Sarbanda (power of sovereignty). Both Ostara and Ishtar (same deity) are the goddess that ushers in the ‘time’ we call Easter. Astarte (English) Ashtaroth (Hebrew) are also the name for the Canaanite fertility goddess associated with the ‘beginning of spring’ and Easter. Astarte was also considered the goddess of the ‘underworld’ (Saturn’s domain) and her other name was El, the Queen of the underworld (see IS-RA-EL). Note that ‘ceremonial acts of war’ (terror) and the marriages of prominent blood lines seem to occur at the start of spring (Ostara) through to Walpurgis (Witches night) and Beltane (May the 1st). The pagan calendar of course is also ‘used’ by those follow Satanism, hence the endless acts of destruction we witness in the world conjured up by those in the shadows.
The Ancient Hare and Rabbit Goddesses
Another animal symbol for pagan lunar magic, nature and witchcraft is the hare. Many of the Goddesses mentioned above were either said to have a hare as a companion or could take the form of a hare. In ancient Egypt Osiris was sacrificed to the Nile each year ‘in the form of a hare’ (below left) to guarantee the annual flooding that Egyptian agriculture (and indeed their entire society) depended upon. A minor Egyptian goddess named Unut or Wenet (above right) also had the head of a hare. The hieroglyph ‘Wn’ (Wen) itself stands for the ‘essence of life’ and often depicts a hare over flowing water. The hare is often depicted ‘greeting the dawn’ (the ‘hour of the hare’) and she sometimes serves as messenger for the god Thoth. Sirius (Thoth), Lepus (Wenet) and Orion (Osiris) are the three main constellations that usher in the turning points of the autumn and spring equinoxes.
In Norse mythology, there was said to be a goddess before Odin (Saturn worship) replaced the Germanic tribal gods and goddesses. She was called Frau Holle, or Hulda, (above middle). Frau Holle was the goddess of the ‘wild hunt’, much like the goddess Artemis of Greece, and she was often shown with a large group of hares bearing torches ‘illuminating her way’. The hare as a hieroglyph signifies ‘the keeper of the ‘Great Mystery’ and was thought as a symbol of ‘becoming’, or ‘to be’. The hare’s ability to ‘disappear quickly’ was seen as a symbol for ‘states of awareness’ and transfiguration.
In some Native American myths, the hero Michabo or Great Manitou, was said to be the ‘great hare’ that brought knowledge to some of the American Indian tribes. Many North American tribes spoke of this deity as their common ancestor. Michabo was considered a personification of the Sun’s light, a life giver and his name compounded of ‘michi’ means ‘great’, and ‘wabos’, which means both ‘hare’ and ‘white’. The hare is a mammal that lives in solitude and can navigate the hours of darkness and is said to a have a ‘foot in two worlds’. Michabo of the dawn (or the ‘great white hare’) was considered the guardian of many Native American tribes. He was said to be the founder of their religious rites, the inventor of picture-writing and preserver of Earth and Heaven.
‘Destroy this Temple’, and I will make it ‘rise again’ in ‘three Hares’
Another version of Ostara (Astarte) is Hecate, the ‘triple headed goddess’ associated with ‘crossroads’, entrance-ways, light, magic, witchcraft, knowledge of herbs (poisonous plants), ghosts, necromancy and sorcery. The number three is a profound symbolic number that is found ‘everywhere’, from the triquetra (below), three primary colours, to the ‘three days’ the egg of the ‘queen bee’ takes to hatch. In numerology three is is considered to be ‘feminine’ and the Tarot card representative of the 3 energetically is The Empress (Hecate).
Three is also the ‘Trinity’ and these are the three aspects of Shin in the Kabbalah whose ‘three wicks’ are a symbol of the ‘holy trinity’ through the letter Shin (below right). The god Brahma of Hindu belief also provides symbolism of the Trinity, ‘three heads’ and the egg. I’ll come back to the egg at the end of this blog.
In many uses of numerology and ancient belief, three is an important number for ‘creating reality’ and ‘manifestation’. The symbol of the ‘three hares’ (below) found at sacred sites from the Middle and Far East to the churches of Devon are all versions of Hecate’s (Ostara’s) ‘power of manifestation’ and ‘renewal’.
The Italian Renaissance painter Andrea Mantegna, a Knight from a ‘bloodline of painters’, depicts the ‘three hares’ in his masterpiece, The Agony in the Garden (1458-60). The full painting shows angels bearing the Instruments of ‘the Passion’ appearing to Christ in prayer. Three disciples sleep, with ‘three’ hares at their feet and in the background Judas comes with soldiers to arrest Christ. The symbolism, which was obviously known to Mantegna (and the elite) relates to the ‘Trinity of the Church’ that would be born out of the Passion. The painting also relates to fertility, lunar cycles and the ‘goddess of renewal’. The Triskele symbol below carries the same meaning.
The ‘ears of the hares’ form a trivium (or trapezium), which in 3D is a tetrahedron (above right). The tetrahedron (the first of five geometric platonic shapes that are said to construct reality), is a symbol of ‘creation’, ‘fire’ and ‘renewal’. The Vesicae Piscis is also formed by the ‘three ears’ and the same shapes give us the spinning Mer-Ka-Ba (Star tetrahedron) or ‘vehicle of light’ (above right). The symbolism of ‘new life’ and ‘renewal’ entwined in the story of Christ (who was said to baptize with ‘fire’), quite clearly comes from the Pagan understanding of the ‘goddess of light’. The goddess who could see three ways simultaneously and use the ‘light’ to change the illusion. So can we if we tap into this unseen power.
Another version of Ostara also found in Norse Mythology is the goddess Freyja who is associated with love, sex, beauty, fertility, gold, war and death. Freyja is the owner of the ‘necklace Brísingamen’, she rides a chariot pulled by two cats, she keeps the boar Hildisvíni by her side, possesses a cloak of falcon feathers and is accompanied by dwarves. Freyja and her ‘seven dwarfs’ are symbols for the ‘seven days of the week’ which construct the Lunar month (Snow White), seen below in their ‘spring time’ kingdom. Snow White is Freyja and Ostara combined and the symbolism especially through colour relates to the feminine archetype, duality and light of ‘eternal spring’.
The evil queen (the dark archetype) in Snow White, along with the innocent magical goddess that over throws the queen, can also been found in Lewis Carroll’s books Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. All are stories that use goddess symbolism associated with ‘moving between’ different realities, just as the Earth’s Equinoxes and Solstices are markers between changing worlds. The Chinese ‘Moon Goddess’ Chang’e comes to mind.
The Easter Moon Rabbit (Hare)
The moon rabbit in folklore was said to be a rabbit that lives on the Moon, some say, based on the pareidolia that identifies the markings of the Moon as a rabbit (see below right).
Stories exist in many cultures, prominently in Asian folklore and Aztec mythology of a Moon rabbit. In East Asia, the rabbit is seen pounding in a mortar and pestle (below left), but the contents of the mortar differ among Chinese, Japanese, and Korean folklore. In Chinese folklore, the moon rabbit is often portrayed as a ‘companion’ of the Moon goddess Chang’e, constantly pounding the ‘elixir of life’ for her. The elixir could relate to the ‘egg’ and how life is created through DNA. In Japanese and Korean versions, it is pounding the ingredients for rice cake. Maybe the inspiration for the ‘cake’ Alice eats in Wonderland? More on Alice in a moment.
In other Asian myths Sun Wukong fights the ‘Moon Rabbit’ (above middle), a scene in the 16th century Chinese novel Journey to the West, depicted in Yoshitoshi’s One Hundred Aspects of the Moon (1839-1892). In the Buddhist Jataka tales, a monkey, an otter, a jackal, and a rabbit resolved to practice charity on the day of the ‘full moon’ (Uposatha), believing a demonstration of great virtue would earn a great reward. When an old man begged for food, the monkey gathered fruits from the trees and the otter collected fish, while the jackal wrongfully pilfered a lizard and a pot of milk-curd. The rabbit, who knew only how to gather grass, instead offered its own body, throwing itself into a fire the man had built. The rabbit, however, was not burnt. The old man revealed himself to be Akra (Lord of Heaven) and, touched by the rabbit’s virtue, drew the likeness of the rabbit on the Moon for all to see. It is said the lunar image is still draped in the smoke that rose when the rabbit cast itself into the fire. The same story of the Moon god sacrificing itself in the solar fire can be found in Hopi, Mexican and Mayan myths, not least in the stories of Quetzalcoatl. ‘Cotton tail’ in Hopi myth was a god born of the Sun and the Moon after jumping into the solar fire. Many of these stories are symbolic of the upheavals that took place in the heavens.
Contemporary video games and comics seem to contain symbolism that relate to the Moon rabbit. In the 2000 video game Dark Cloud, the ‘Moon People’ are revealed to in fact be anthropomorphic rabbits. In the Nexon game MapleStory there is a party quest that involves protecting a ‘Moon Bunny’ while it produces rice cakes. In the 2014 game Destiny, the Jade Rabbit is featured as both an emblem that can be acquired on the Moon, as well as a primary weapon exclusive to PlayStation 4 owners.
The Goddess & the White Rabbit
Celtic myth talks of the goddess Cerridwen who represented the human cycles of ‘birth’, ‘life’, ‘death and rebirth’. Cerridwen was another Moon Goddess associated with the Hare. In one legend the hunter Ossian was said to have wounded a hare forcing it find sanctuary in a thicket. When Ossian followed it he found a door in the ground that led to vast hallway and in that ‘underground kingdom’ he met a beautiful woman sitting on a throne, bleeding from the leg. Tales like this are plenty in the pre-Christian world and hint at metamorphosis.
Japanese myth also tells of the Hare of Inaba and the goddess Amaterasu and her search for a place for their palace or kingdom. Like the white Rabbit in Alice in Wonderland, Inaba suddenly appears to point the way to Amaterasu (see below). According to the folk tale, the white hare bites Amaterasu’s clothes and takes her to a ‘otherworldly’ location to look for a temporary palace at Nakayama Mountain and Reiseki Mountain. The ‘mountain’, the ‘Goddess’ and the ‘white hare’ are all symbols for the ‘Moon’, ‘time’ and ‘forces that create the collective world reality’.
The white rabbit often appears in 15th Century Renaissance paintings to symbolise the connection between the goddess, the oceans and the Moon. Other meanings relate to venus, love and the ‘duality’ of male and female, as shown in the painting Venus, Mars and Cupid 1490 by Piero di Cosimo (below). It shows cupid lying on Venus next to a white rabbit. The lovers (Venus and Mars) are exhausted by their sexual activity (cupid) and the white rabbit is the symbol for ‘timelessness’ brought on through sexual excess. Moon, Mars and Venus ‘alignments’ have been linked to upheavals on Earth. See the work of Immanuel Velikovsky.
The idea of rabbits as a symbol of ‘vitality’, ‘rebirth’ and ‘resurrection’ clearly comes from the Pagan world and the Italian masters must have known this when they made such ‘Christian works of art’. They were having a laugh! The elite painter Titan in his work, Mary and Infant Jesus with a rabbit (below), is clearly alluding to the Pagan knowledge associated with the goddess and the white rabbit/hare. The painting of St. Jerome reading in the countryside, by Giovanni Bellini (below left) with a white and brown hare/rabbit clearly relates to the power of ‘solitude’ (the hare) and the world that would await the hermit once he leaves the cave to ‘follow the white rabbit’. Jerome was the ‘founding father’ of the Christian Church, (often shown in Saturn red with the lion), instead here he is depicted as the hermit in the wilderness.
The character Neo in the Matrix movie is also shown the ‘white rabbit’ as a way out of his illusionary ‘solitary’ world so he can meet the ‘god of the dreamtime’ – Morpheus.
The Trickster Hares
Many native cultures saw the hare as a trickster and shape-shifter. The hare appears in English folklore in the saying “as mad as a March hare” and in the stories of a witch who takes the form of a white hare and goes out looking for prey at night. The Br’er Rabbit stories are loosely related to the trickster element of the rabbit and hare. Cottontail was a symbol for both the ‘hare’ and ‘time’. Interestingly, the hare was said to be a ‘child of Pan’ and in many myths the hare was wrapped in ‘goat’s skin’. Of course the ‘hare’ and the ‘Moon’ are symbolically connected as I’ve shown. The hare also takes on the role of a ‘demiurge’ in some myths and this aspect is connected to the ‘egg’ as we shall see.
African folk tales told by the Namaquas relate the story of phases of the moon with the idea of immortality, alternate disintegration and reintegration, decay and growth repeated perpetually. Even the ‘rising and setting of the moon’ was interpreted by them as its ‘birth and death’. They say that a long time ago the Moon wished to send to mankind a message of immortality, and the hare undertook to act as the messenger. So the Moon charged him to go to humanity and say, “As I die and rise to life again, so shall you die and rise to life again.” It is said that the hare ‘reversed’ (inverted) the message (so life became death) and humanity instead ‘focused on their mortality’.
Kit William’s Book Masquerade (1979) relays the ‘trickster element’ of the hare. The book’s objective, the hunt for a valuable treasure, became his means to this end. Masquerade features ‘fifteen’ (Saturn’s number) detailed paintings illustrating the story of a ‘hare’ named Jack. The boy Jack seeks to carry a treasure from the Moon (depicted as a woman) to her love object, the Sun (a man). On reaching the Sun, Jack finds that he has lost the treasure, and the reader is left to discover its location of the ‘golden hare’. The author Kit williams must have been inspired by the pagan myths associated with the Sun, the Moon and the hare?
The púca (Irish for spirit/ghost), pooka, phooka, or púka is primarily a creature of Celtic folklore. A púca was considered to be a bringer of both good and bad fortune, they could either ‘help or hinder’ communities. These creatures were said to be ‘shape changers’ (shape-shifters) that could take the appearance of black horses, goats and hares. They could also take human form with ‘animal features’, such as long ears. According to legend, the púca can assume a variety of terrifying or pleasing forms. No matter what shape the púca takes, its fur was almost always dark. I have personally witnessed a púca of sorts manifest in front of me in a Tudor house/hotel many years ago, in the form of a black panther.
Another creature called a Koschei, similar to the púca, was said to be able to use magic and could not be killed by conventional means. In various folklore the Koschei’s soul was hidden separate from its body, through ‘talisman’ and other ‘animate objects’. The soul could be inside a needle, which is inside an egg, which is in a duck, which is in a hare, which is in an iron chest, buried under a green oak tree, which is on the island in the ocean. The soul of the Koschei is not dissimilar to the concept of Sauron in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings, whose essence of being was ‘contained’ within a ring that was ‘connected to’ other rings, etc. Legends say that anyone ‘possessing the egg’, for example, has the Koschei in their power. If the ‘egg’ is tossed about, the Koschei likewise is flung around against his will. If the needle is broken, Koschei will die. When the ring is destroyed so is Sauron’s power, etc, etc. The Magic associated with the Koschei is that of an ‘invisible form’ that could ‘move through different realities’. The hare (and white rabbit) symbollically speaking were said to be able to move through different worlds and become ‘timeless’.
In other folklore and legends we have mythical hare’s that are ‘hybrid creatures’, such as the Lepus Cornutus and Al-mi’raj (an Arabic mythical unicorn hare (below). In Bavarian folklore there are stories of the wolpertinger (also called wolperdinger), a mythological hybrid hare allegedly inhabiting the alpine forests of Bavaria and having antlers (below left).
The Primordial ‘Easter Egg’ of fire
Another symbol of Easter is the egg of course, which is a universal symbol for birth and ‘new life’. The ‘primordial egg’ holds the seed from which the whole of manifestation was said to ‘spring’ from. The idea that the universe was ‘born from an egg’ is shared by nearly all ancient civilizations and cultures. The ‘primordial man’ was also said to originate from an egg, see William Blake’s image of the Four Zoas (below). The egg is symbolically the ‘boundary of the restriction’ of ‘matter’ for the human being, and here is shown surrounded by the four bodies of the mind, emotions, senses and imagination.
The cosmic egg, born from primordial Waters, in some myths, splits into two halves to give birth to Heaven and Earth (Symbolised as Adam and Satan in Blake’s image), or as the Hindu Brahmânda and the ‘two Dioscuri’ in Greco-Indian myths. In Hindu mythology, Brahma – the omniscient, the source of all that exists, forms out of the golden embryo and egg. According to Hindu belief, he was the self-born ‘uncreated creator’, the first manifestation of the one’s existence. As the embryo from which the universe originates, he is also called Hiranya Garbha (golden embryo), the ball of fire. Other names for the ‘egg god’ were Pitamaha (the patriarch), Vidhi (the ordinator), Lokesha (the master of the universe) and Viswakarma (the architect of the world). The ‘architect’ of course connects to Gnosticism, Masonry and the imposter creator – the Demiurge.
The egg also signifies the polarization of the Hermaphrodite in some instances and was a symbol for the beginning of life. For the ancient Egyptians, ‘life emerged’, by the action of a ‘Demiurge’, through the ‘Nun’, (the personification of the primordial Ocean) that ‘gave birth’ to the egg. Chinese legend tells of how an enormous ‘black egg’ was formed in the darkness at the beginning of time. Inside this egg, the sleeping giant Pan Gu was formed (below left). Likewise, Hanuman the monkey king was said to be born of primal chaos, hatching from a ‘stone egg’ impregnated by the sky and the Gnostics also talk of Heaven and Earth, symbolised by the ‘world egg’ in the womb of the universe. Not a crucifixion in sight here folks? Just a human (light being) born of the cosmos.
The Egg as the Soul
In terms of symmetry, astronomy and sacred geometry the egg has been used by alchemists to depict the ‘cycles within cycles’ and the ‘relationship’ between the Earth the Moon and the Solar System. The elite Elizabethan occult magician Dr John Dee, likened the origin of the planets to the metamorphosis of an egg made up of the four elements (the Zoas), which a scarab beetle brings along a spiral path. Dee referred to the ‘egg white’ as the work of the Moon (Saturn) and the ‘yoke’ the Sun (Jupiter).
The Druids saw the egg as the ‘sacred emblem’ of their initiation rites, hence the importance of the egg in spring (at Easter). The procession of the Goddess of agriculture, Ceres, in Rome, was preceded by an egg and it was often depicted entwined by a serpent or crowned by a crescent moon. The illustration below shows two ways the druids (Priests) represented their sacred eggs.
In the mysteries of Bacchus in ancient Greece the egg was a consecrated emblem that symbolised the ‘soul’ and this symbolism was portrayed in the move Angel Heart, when Louis Cyphre (Lucifer), played by de Niro peels an egg and eats it as a symbol of the ‘consumption of the soul’.
The eye and egg are another symbol for the ‘theft of the soul’, or the visionary limits of ‘perception’ placed on humanity by the Demiurge. All over the ancient world, from China to Babylon, the egg was also painted, and venerated as symbol of ‘re-birth’ and the ‘soul’. The ‘soul of humanity’ ‘captured’, ‘bound’ or ‘eaten’ is a common theme through the use of the ‘symbol of the egg’, see my Illustration below (middle).
The ‘alchemical Modena’ relief (above left) also symbolises both the ‘world’ and the ‘egg’. Inside the egg (Modena), Mithras or Phanes (the light of the world) emerges with his lighted torch surrounded by a mandorla of the zodiac (corresponding to the twelve ‘altar fires’ in the Pythagorean cult). The mandorla can also represent the vulva, and thus the arrival of a ‘new being into the world’ through the goddess. The mandorla is also a sign of union, climax, opening and departure into a new life. Not a Christian theme insight here!
‘Born’ of the Easter Egg
The reptilian symbolism associated with the egg is obvious and it could be that the ‘Babylonian religion’ that originally gave us Easter, relates to the reptilian deities that were ‘openly worshiped’ by the Akkadian and Sumerian mystery schools. The connections between reptilian gods and a new human made in the ‘likeness of the gods’, can be visually understood through the symbolism of the egg. Renaissance artists that were in the know, often used the egg as a symbol for the ‘new human’ born of a goddess.
Hieronymus Bosch’s painting ‘Concert inside an Egg’ depicts his knowledge of alchemy, the philosophical Egg and the ‘light that can be seen with the ears’ (below left). The ‘light’ is the electromagnetic forms that the brain translates into pictures and sounds, hence the light that can be seen with the ears. Bosch also includes humans that are ‘entering into’ an egg in his masterpiece ‘Garden of Earthly delights’ painted in the 15th Century. The strange creatures and imagery contained within the scene are reminiscent of reptilians/greys and naked humans (Adam and Eve prototype) of course are ‘being born’ in reverse, or being ‘encased’ in the egg – through the limitation of their DNA. The egg is also a symbol for the Moon and its control over our biological bodies’.
In paintings by lenaordo Da vinci and Bachiacca (below) the Greek myth of Leda and the Swan (a bird that symbolised Venus) uses the symbolisim of the children ‘born of an egg’ (just as reptiles are). The egg and its nest are also symbolic of the goddess and the word for nest, ‘shechinot’, in Hebrew is virtually the same as shekinah which means the ‘feminine glory of God’ come to ‘dwell on earth’. It literally means ‘dwelling’ or ‘presence’. Interestingly the hare also builds a ‘form’ which looks like a ‘birds nest’, another ‘visual idea’ that could have given life to the ‘Easter egg’?
In the Leda and the Swan myth, Zeus takes the form of a swan and seduces the goddess Leda, whose offspring, Castor and Pollox, are born as ‘hybrid humans’, part-god, part-human. The myths and paintings showing these narratives are hinting at the ‘copulation’ of ‘non-human’ with ‘humans’ in the ancient world. The egg symbolism, at Easter is in many ways, is a symbol for this knowledge, which was understood by the mystery schools of antiquity.
A New World Egg (Order)
On another level the egg is a symbol for a ‘new world’. Salvador Dali painted Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of the New Man (above right) during the Second World War. A painting that clearly symbolizes ‘change’ and a ‘new world’ being born. Dali’s initial notes for the work read: “parachute, paranaissance, protection, cupola, placenta, Catholicism, egg, earthly distortion, biological ellipse. Geography changes its skin in historic germination.”
Dali’s words offer some hint of the work’s meaning. At the bottom right of the painting, the gaunt body of a classical figure, symbolises the ‘old world’ and its emaciated civilization, revealing a central scene to a child, who peeks at the male figure struggling out of a terrestrial globe, distorted into the shape of an egg. This surreal scene is emblematic of the emergence of a ‘new political order’ after the war. The central scene of global rebirth is protected by a parachute-like floating cupola that, when seen in conjunction with the cloth at the bottom, forms an ‘oyster-like shape’, another symbol for the Moon and the Christian Kingdom of Heaven. The emerging figure bursts out from the North American continent, which Dali saw as a centre of ‘historic germination’ (the growth of the new world order). The alchemical ‘great work of the ages’ is also connected to the philosophers egg and much more besides.
Personally, I always see Easter time as a period of ‘transition and renewal’, a time for ‘new ideas’ and ‘new beginnings’. William Blake’s image of a winged infant emerging from a cracked egg also hints at the awakening themes mentioned above. Blake had no time for orthodox religion and was aware of the Pagan roots of Christianity. The image is one of many from his collection of writings and drawings called The Gates of Paradise and this one in particular shows a ‘hatching’ of a winged infant (or cherub with Blake’s face) breaking free of the confinement imposed by the egg. According to Blake ‘the child becomes acquainted with the functioning of his mind through four spheres (the Zoas mentioned earlier) of the body, mind, imagination and emotions’. These bodies ‘give form’ to the ‘egg shape’ and signifies mankind’s ‘limited field of vision’. Writing in 1793, He said,
“An immense/Hardened shadow of all things upon our vegetated Earth, /enlarged into dimension and deformed into indefinite space”. After his death, man tears this “veil of nature” which freezes all life”
If anything, Easter is the festival of visible ‘new light and life’ and the symbolism behind the ‘Moon Egg’, the ‘Hare’ and the ‘Goddess’ are the core symbols for this time of year.
Until next time
I was reflecting on a wonderful educational project from January 2012, when I was contacted by a school in Alberta Canada (Allendale School) with a view to supporting art curricular project work, where the students would focus on my paintings of Lions. Over many weeks a ‘huge body of art’ would come from Grade 8 classes. Having watched the students’ work progress over a period of weeks (from afar) I was in awe of the ‘vitality and energy’ captured by the school kids at Allendale. Such amazing art work – all of it! In this blog I merely wanted to share some of the amazing imagery that came out of the project set by a superb art teacher called Wendy Salter.
A whole series of paintings (in the gallery above) ensued inspired by the Lion paintings i made and of course the book by David Icke – Human Race Get off Your Knees – The Lion Sleeps No More. Of course fueled by the imagination of the young artists some inspiring work unfolded. The Christ Lion and Earth Lion Consciousness images (below) became the starting point for the Art 8 Group at Allendale School and with guidance from Ms Salter, whose brilliant idea this was, along with the ‘enthusiasm’ of all those students that took part – the whole project was ‘truly inspirational and motivational’ to see. Of course I wasn’t able to visit the school physically, but thanks to Ms Wendy Salter I was able to see the imagery unfold via photographs above. I have a few of the post card size pieces of art that the teacher sent me and always keep these in my creative space. Beautiful work!
I have now completed the last painting from a series of lion images that have brought me full circle in terms of my work. It’s 21 years ago that I started out on my path as a visual artist/Illustrator, on a so-called ‘spiritual journey’ that introduced me to some of the most interesting people. Many connections have ‘come and gone’, just as my art has changed over the decades. From the early metaphysical years in London, to the ‘stagnant years of Cornwall’, it’s been a crazy ride with many highs and lows. Believe it or not, there seems to be less support now for my art than there was 6 years ago, despite the ‘rising interest’ in certain authors work that I have created imagery for.
The image in this blog (above) came out of a dream I’d had earlier this year. It made me ‘reflect’ on sketchbook images too that related to similar themes. Eventually this led to research (as always) into the ‘visual nature’ of the forces that ‘shape our reality’. I gave a small lecture at the Rudolf Steiner House in London (March 2016), where I looked at some of these ideas and the thoughts I’d had in relation to the ‘invisible force’ that manipulates our ‘world perception’ – our world view’. The canvas above is a simplistic combination of symbols that capture the essence of these forces. In this blog I’ll try to explain how and why these symbols relate to each other.
Sophia and the Dreaming
The painting (above) is purely symbolic and considers the Gnostic teachings of the Pleroma, or what the thousands of years old Nag Hammadi texts called the abode of the Æons – the place of eternal ideas or archetypes. Click here for more on the Gnostics and the Nag Hammadi library. From my art and research, the Pleroma is the ‘living plasma’ (the electric universe) that constitutes the mass of our living Universe. The word also means ‘fullness’ or ‘plenty’ and relates to what the Native Americans called the ‘field of plenty’ – the place where all that we need to live comes from. The cornucopia is another symbol for the ‘field of plenty’ and can be found on Banks and Stately homes of those that control the ‘field of energy’. In simple terms, the Pleroma is ‘living electromagnetic consciousness’. Everything is alive and can take multiple forms. As the physicist Wallace Thornhill writes in Electric Universe, “We can detect magnetic fields in space which, according to Maxwell’s equations, means electricity must be flowing in space to produce them. It is impossible to have a magnetic field without moving electrons. Electrons only move in response to charge imbalance. Once an electron is moving, we have an electric current.”
The Gnostic texts say that the Aeons that dwelt in and beyond the Pleroma were separated from this celestial region by Horus (or Boundary) and beyond its veil lies what they called the ‘Kenoma’ or the ‘void’ – the kingdom of this world reality. Humanity was said to have been created out of the meeting of these forces, to be godlike (Aeon-like) with a powerful tool at our disposal – the divine Imagination.
An Aeon called Sophia (wisdom in Greek) aided by Thelete (intent in Greek) dreamed her existence into the realms of the Kenoma and in doing so, created what the Aboriginal cultures call the ‘Dreamtime’ (a creation epic that predates all Biblical creation narratives by tens of thousands of years). You will notice some correlations between the three worlds of Gnostic myth (Pleroma, Human/Sophia and demiurge and the Dreamtime mythology (below). All three worlds collide within the human world.
As the Goddess Sophia dreamed, its said that she fell further into the void and awoke within a ‘nightmare’ as her impact on the outer veil led to the ‘emergence’ of ‘in-organic’ elementals named Archons (Jinn). The Gnostic texts say that the Archons circled and swooned around the chaotic fields that were formed by ‘Sophia’s fall’ into the Kenoma ( her coma).
According to this myth the world we inhabit is created through ‘thought’, (the region of ‘matter made manifest) and material things’. It was the land of shadow and darkness, a place where ‘perception and deception’ would coexist to form our realty. According to the Gnostic texts, Sophia eventually took physical form as Gaia (The Original Earth) and her daughter was called Zoe (the Imagination). While the Demiurge and the Archons built their replica Earth Matrix, (using other electromagnetic bodies known as Planets and Suns), an illusionary construct (flat or otherwise), was made to perfectly ‘mimic’ the original earth reality. The Gnostics say that humanity is caught up between two realities, the ‘original Earth’ and the one created out of what the Gnostic texts call HAL forged by its ‘Creator’ – the Demiurge (or God of Genesis fame). On Earth the Archons are the ‘genies in a bottle’, phantoms that can take many forms through fire and water, so to be let loose or to be commanded. Just as one was summoned at the “Gate of the Gods” at Hayu Marca, Peru by those that travelled with David Icke back in 2012 (see below). I witnessed first hand the appearnce of the Jinn (genie) that ‘possessed’ that ancient place.
Once loose, they can and do influence the illusionary world for those that ‘communicate with them’. See all ‘magicians’ from Dr John Dee to Crowley, from the Temples of Egypt to the Satanic elite.
According to the texts the illusionary world (our Galaxy) had its Creator or king. The creator of this world was called the Demiurge, a deity that was eventually called God by the priesthoods of the Near and Middle East religions; and according to the Gnostic texts, ‘he’ is the angry, ‘demented’, impostor God that envys the human divine imagination and humanities connection to the Goddess Sophia. ‘He’ is the beast often depicted as a ‘rampant lion’ whose minions became the ‘in-organic’ Archons that were supposedly ‘birthed from the chaos caused by Sophia’s ‘fall through the Pleroma’ (the source of all-that-exists).
As John Lash writes in his book, Not in His Image;
“And Sophia desired to cause the thing that had no innate spirit of its own to be formed into a likeness and rule over primal matter and over all the forces she had precipitated. So there appeared for the first time a ruler out of chaos, lion-like in appearance, androgynous, having an exaggerated sense of power within him, and ignorant of whence he came to be.” (The Apocryphon of John)
My intuitive side, along with my ‘visual research’ in recent months, is showing me that the ‘fall of Sophia’ in the Gnostic texts, hints towards the Nebula of Orion and how it was part of that ‘falling process’. The blue prints for duality and the seperation splashed through Orion and into the minds of humanity. Our unique connection to the Orion Nebula and how it links into the fall of Sophia, along with the coming of the Aeon Christos, (to aid her in her creation process), is often found in ancient sources. The Aeons Sophia and Christos are the original blueprint for the Gods and Goddesses all over the ancient world. Today, the movie industry, not least certain directors and producers (many of which are Zionists) also encode their narratives with versions of the Sophia and Christos mythology. Why? Because it is the original ‘blue print’, a powerful connection to the infinite source, beyond the Kenoma and also represents the coming awakening of Ariel (the Lion of God), in their zionist minds. The Jewish Wachowski’s Matrix movie has it all in ‘three’ parts. Zion is saved and Sophia and Christos are ‘sacrifced’ for this worthy cause.
Son of Man – Orion (cross of changes)
Our connection to the Orion constellation is monumental and can be seen in the mapping of native ‘first peoples’ towns and Mesa’s, to the aligment of pyramids across the Earth. From Nazca to Giza, Orion is aligned with much of the ancient religious centres! More so, I would go further and say that the ‘invisible forces’ that ‘illuminates’ our form, a bioogical body that may have been ‘star seeded’ ‘via’ Orion, hence the focus on its ‘Kingship’ (Kin=blood) in many ancient ‘alien-like’ civilisations. See the Hopi and the Egyptian dynasties for starters. The Hopi god Masau’u is Osiris of ancient Egypt and these ‘Son of Man’ deities are symbols of Orion, implanted in the minds of priests and shamans in different locations. The Pineal gland, ‘Odin’s eye’, through to the symbolism of Golgotha (the place of the skull), connects to this template. Along with memory and thought (the two thieves) flanking the ‘Son of Man’, all allude to the life and death forces connected to the constelation of Orion. In Tiahuanaca, Bolivia (a place I visited in 2012), the palaces with underground pyramids, along with surface pyramids are dedicated to the South American version of ‘the Son of Man’ – ‘Lord Viracocha’, (another Osiris). The H-symbol of Orion’s belt, the number 8 (a symbol of Saturn), the spider (with eight legs), the swastika symbol, the Ankh-cross-symbol and ‘T-statues’, all relate to Orion and humanities connection to the forces that worked through this location of the Pleroma. Some researchers also talk of Venus coming out of the Orion Nebula?
Dany Wilten an American analyst, alchemist, symbolist, & hermeticist has produced some outstanding work on the correlations of Orion and the knowledge of the human anatomy and hemispheres of the brain found encoded in the works of artists like Michael Angelo, long before any telescopes had been used to study nebula’s. See the amazing work (below) of Danny Wilten.
The Demiurge is a chimera-like vibration
In the Nag Hammadi, the Gnostics describe Yaldabaoth as Ariael, another variation of the angel Ariel (or Ariael), which means “Lion of God” or “Hearth of God”. The Apocryphon of John, a work heavily quoted by John Lash in his excellent book ‘Not in his Image’, describes the Demiurge as a ‘dragon-like lion’ (a beast). The beast is the Chimera, a ‘virus’ made manifest that infested our world to replicate itself through the human mind. It is the ‘beast within’, a ‘persona’ (a mask) of the Demiurge, the ‘phantom self’ (see David Icke’s book of the same name), for those that are unkowingly possessed by the chimera, if they allow it to be the overriding force.
Again the Gnostic texts allude to the demiurge and the veil between the spirit and material world;
A Veil exists between the world above [in the galactic core], and the realms that are below [exterior, in the galactic limbs]; and shadow came into being beneath the veil. Some of the shadow [dark mass] became [atomic] matter, and was projected apart [partially formed into elementary arrays, the dema]. And what Sophia created [by her impact] became a product in the matter [the dema], [a neonate form] like an aborted fetus. And [once formed] it assumed a plastic shape molded out of shadow, and became an arrogant beast resembling a lion. It was androgynous, because it was from [neutral, inorganic] matter that it derived.
Hypostasis of the Archons (II, 4:93.30 ff)
Note the word androgynous, which is connected to the obessesion with ‘no gender’.
The Hypostasis of the Archons explains that they (the archons) created seven powers for themselves, and these powers created ‘six angels’. One of the angels is called Sabaoth (the Lord of Hosts) who was said to have “a dragon’s face”. Sabaoth became the Ring Lord, Sauron or Saturn.
John Lash equates Saboeth with our Sun, but the Apocryphon of John says: “the sixth one is Cain, whom the generations of men call the ‘fallen Sun’.” This fallen Sun is both Helios and Saturn, Prometheus (the young) and Kronos (the old). See the Rockefeller Plaza in New York, it shows both Prometheus and ‘Ancient of Days’ (Saturn) in one location. Saturn with its artificial rings and therefore distorted sound (vibration) is let loose and bypassed by connecting our hearts and minds to the original infinite source (the Aeons) beyond the Kenoma. The Lord of Hosts, ‘Saturn with its rings’ is holding the Illusion in place. I feel that Orion held sway over the original ‘ring less’ Saturn (the old Sun of Orion) and this idea is symbolised in my painting Ariel – The Lion of God. A harmonised man and woman, connected through their heart will naturally by pass the ‘rings of constriction’ imposed via Saboeth and the Moon (Sin). I illustrate this idea in more detail in my graphic novel Moon Slayer.
On the left of my painting I show the creation of man and woman (Adam and Eve) as a fusion of the Pleroma of Orion and contained by the creator god Atum, who is also Adam (Osiris). Adam coupled with an aspect of Sophia (Isis/Eve), they form a trapezium (a trinity) along with the solar/stellar consciousness called Rigel, the brightest star in the constellation Orion, (not to be confused with Regulus in Leo). Rigel is the ‘seventh’ brightest star in the night sky and relates to the seventh Chakra (the crown). In the constellation of Orion, Rigel was also known as (Altair) and probably goes back to the ancient Babylonians and Sumerians, who called Aquilae (Altair) the eagle star; A topic I am currently looking at and writing about in much more detail for my Third Book of Kokoro – The Eagles of Atlantis.
In the centre is a calm, almost meditating Lion (Ariel), which means “lion of God” in Hebrew (Shakespeare used it as the name of a ‘spirit’ in his play ‘The Tempest’). Ariel is also another word for the ‘city of Jerusalem’, not IS-RA-EL, but the ancient location. A place I firmly believe to be in the heart of all human beings. The ‘presence of Ariel’, with the Lord Archon at its third eye, is bringing forth the separation of man and woman. It is also a symbolic rendition of the two sides of the brain (left and right hemispheres). Here Ariel is portrayed as a force that has the ‘opportunity’ to change human destiny and is ‘sleeping’ for the moment (dreaming), showing our world to be created through pure imagination. In my image the ‘Lion of God’ is caught up in his own pride, on one level, but is also ‘contemplating the existence of something greater than him’. Jerusalem is not yet awake! It will be. But the the Lord of Hosts at Ariel’s third eye is manifesting the ‘prison like worlds’ (the egg shell) that encases humanity in ‘emotional thoughts’. The Moon was ‘taken’ and used for soley for this purpose by the Archons. The Moon is the egg (eye) in the sky’ that harmonizes the ‘auric egg’ and the ‘prison of the mind’ that surrounds the physical human form. William Blake’s Book and image of the Four Zoas shows this concept of the ‘energetic egg’ perfectly (see below). Replace the word ‘Satan’ with ‘Saturn’ and it makes more sense. Orion ( or Adam), with Saturn and the ‘four points of the cross’ (the intersecting circles) all construct humanities ‘reality’ (through Imagination, thoughts, emotions and the physical form).
In my image stands a single tree (symbolic of the Seraphim and watchers of old). The path to the Watcher stretches across the ‘Lion of God’ while his shoulders represent Mt. Zion and Mt. Moriah. Both mounds offer the structure for the Zionist blueprint for the world (New World Order), unless humanity stirs from its slumber. Watch what happens very closely in Jerusalem? My creative intuitive side seems to ‘know’ that we are going to see much focus on Jerusalem in the next few years. The Lion of God is not what it seems and as I have shown in my illustrated stories, the lion consciousness is the truth vibration (an invisible fire) that rises out of the heart of humanity. It forces us to ‘see all-that-there-is-to see’ at this time. The spiritual fire is ever present in my art – it is there for those that can ‘see’. While making this image I was reminded of the quote from Isaiah 29 – The Cause and Cure of Spiritual Blindness
- The coming distress upon Jerusalem. 1. (1-4) The Lord humbles a proud Jerusalem.
“Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! Add year to year; let feasts come around. Yet I will distress Ariel; there shall be heaviness and sorrow, and it shall be to Me as Ariel. I will encamp against you all around, I will lay siege against you with a mound, and I will raise siege works against you. You shall be brought down, you shall speak out of the ground; your speech shall be low, out of the dust; your voice shall be like a medium’s, out of the ground; and your speech shall whisper out of the dust.
In Romans 13:11 written to the Christians:
And do this, knowing the time that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. Christians need to be awake, especially knowing the time!
I would say all people need to awake and speak out, no matter what you believe.
As I said at the beginning of this blog, the painting is the ‘beginning and the end of an era’ for me in terms of making this kind of art. I’am going back to school ‘metaphorically’ to see what other ways and methods I can come up with. I may go very quiet, hermit-like, maybe write another smal book based on this blog? But I would like my work to be ‘out there more’, especially physically (exhibitions, etc). If anyone would like to organise an exhibition, or talk, get in touch. Let’s raise the vibrations together.
Mysterious Earth Conference, Preston 2019
Lectures by Neil Hague
“The Heavens are more alien and wondrous than meets the earthly eye”
The role of the visionary throughout history has been to unveil the hidden realms of the imagination. In my books I go into greater depth regarding the multidimensional aspect of humanity and the esoteric symbolism that speaks of Gnosis and what prevents humanity from achieving higher states of consciousness.
Neil offers a personal insight, knowledge of the Gnostic Cathar, as well as the deeper symbolism connected to dualism. The lectures look at the ‘origins of symbolism’, consciousness and the plight of humanity as a whole. He will be talking about the subjects in his book Through Ancient Eyes, especially the significance of the Orion constellation and shedding light on new content, which is becoming the subject of a book due out in 2020.
June 26th – Bristol – Evening Lecture
7.30pm til 10.30pm
27 Broad Street, BS1 2HG
See Also Soulaware.net
The Symbolism of the Gnostic Cathars and the Stars
September 27th – London – RILKO Friday Lecture (Rudolph Steiner House)
7pm til 9pm
Rudolf Steiner House | 35 Park Road, London, NW1 6XT
Ticket price: £10 (on the door)
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE TOUR